Rampur, located between longitude 79°05' E and latitude 28°48' N, is in Moradabad region of Uttar Pradesh state, India. It is surrounded by district Udham Singh Nagar in North, Bareilly in East, and Moradabad in West and Badaun in South. Spread in area of 2,367 Sq.km, Rampur is 192 meter above sea level in North and 166.4 meter in South.
Nawab Ali Muhammad Khan, the adopted son and successor of Sardar Daud Khan, chief of the Rohillas in Northern India was the founder of Rampur. In 1737, he received the territory known as Kather from Emperor Muhammad Shah but unfortunately in the year 1746, he lost virtually everything in a contest with the Nawab Wazir of Oudh in 1746.
In 1775, Nawab Faizullah Khan laid the first stone of the new Fort at Rampur. Then the city was proposed to rename it as ‘Faizabad’ by the first Nawab of that time. But later on it was found that many other places were known by this name so it was changed to Mustafabad, also called RAMPUR.
General information about that place- In the medieval age Rampur was under the administration of the rulers of Delhi. It was once famous for fine arts and music. It consists of a large number of Jats, Lodhs, Kurmis, Sainis, Baniya, Kayasthas and a few Brahmins. Among Schedule castes Jatav, Dhobi, Kori, Balmikis, Barbaal, Turaiha and Pasis are the main communities of Rampur.
In Rampur, farmers both men and women work in the fields every day. The major crops grown here include maize, sugarcane and rice. Majority of the crops are used as food by the people who grow them, therefore these crops do not go market.
The main industries of Rampur are wine making, sugar processing, weaving textiles and manufacturing agricultural implements.
The culture of Rampur shows the great impact of arts, literature and culture, laid down by the Nawabs of Rampur. One can see a vast collection of Oriental manuscripts and beautiful miniature Mughal paintings in Rampur Raza Library, housed in a former palace.
The Rampur gharana or schools of classical music is one of the major gharanas of Hindustani classical music of India. These gharanas were started by the court musicians of Nawabs. During 1881-1972, Ustad Allauddin Khan was a disciple of the legendary Veena player, Wazir Khan, Court musician of the Nawab. He established modern Maihar gharana with disciples like Pandit Ravi Shankar, Nikhil Banerjee, Vasant Rai, Pannalal Ghosh, Bahadur Khan and Sharan Rani.
The Ramapur-Sahaswan gharana of Hindustani classical music also has its origins to court musicians. Ustad Mehboob Khan was a khayal singer and Veena player of the Rampur court. During 1849-1919, his son Ustad Inayat Hussain Khan, who was trained and lived in this city, founded the gharana.
Rampuri cuisine which forms a part of the Mughal cuisine tradition was also developed by the chefs of the Nawabs. These cuisines like Rampuri fish, Rampuri Korma, Rampuri mutton kebabs, doodhiya biryani and adrak ka halwa are known for their distinct flavours and dishes with recipes passed on from the royal kitchen.
The Rampur Greyhound, considered as a test of courage, was the favored hound of the Nawabs for jackal control. It was also used to hunt lions, tigers, leopards, and panthers.