Mirzapur, renowned for its carpet and brassware industry, is a city in the Uttar Pradesh state of North India. A part of Varanasi division, Mirzapur city is bordered on the north by Sant Ravidas Nagar and Varanasi cities, on the east by Chandauli city, on the south by Sonbhadra city and on the northwest by Allahabad city. This city stretching across 23.52 to 25.32 North latitude and 82.7 to 83.33 East longitude, covers an area of 4,450 sq.km. It is situated along the banks of river Ganga at an altitude of 80 meters above sea level. Mirzapur has a rocky land which consists of hills, plateaus and cliffs. Rajdari, Devdari, Lakhaniyadari, Windom fall range, Sirshi, etc. are some of the low lying hills, which are the extensions of the Vindhya range, that surrounds Mirzapur.
Mirzapur city is the administrative headquarters of Mirzapur District. The city consists of four tahsils which includes Mirzapur, Lalganj, Marihan and Chunar. These four tahsils are further divided into twelve blocks. At the census of 2001, the population of the city was 2,494,533 of which male and female are 1,312,822 and 1,181,711 respectively. There was change of 17.89 percent in the population compared to population as per 2001. Average literacy rate of Mirzapur in 2011 were 70.38 compared to 55.31 of 2001, gender wise male and female literacy are 80.83 and 58.77 respectively.
The city founded by Raja Nanner, was formerly known as Girzapur, in the name of Goddess Parvati (Girija Devi). Mirzapur derives its present nomenclature from the combination of the terms ‘Mir’, ‘Ja’ and ‘Pur’ meaning sea, outcome and town, respectively. It is also believed that it was the British who gave the name Mirzapur, after seizing the region from King Saiyyad Shah Mirza, the then ruler of Girijapur.
Mirzapur is a well known religious centre and the only place in the world where the holy river Ganga meets with the Vindhya Range. There are a number of temples and holy places in and around this city such as Shakti Peethas. One of the famous Shakit Peethas is Vindhyachal, a few miles away from this city, where according to the legends an Avatar of Durga, “Sati” was born in Nand Yadav family, as a sister of Lord Krishna.
The main business in Mirzapur is carpet manufacturing. A wide range of very small to medium sized carpets are manufactured, most of them are sold internationally as India has a limited market for carpets. The second main business is of brass items which include metal pots, decorative things etc.
In the Vindhya region of Mirzapur city, there are cement industries. Limestone deposits are also found in this city. Cotton is the most common agricultural crop grown in the rural areas of Mirzapur city.