Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh: Kanpur, situated on the banks of river Ganga, is renowned as the Industrial Capital of Uttar Pradesh state, India. It is the administrative headquarters of Kanpur Nagar district, Kanpur Dehat district and Kanpur division. Located between the 26.46° north latitudes and 80.35° east longitudes, Kanpur spans an area of about 1040 km² and is 126 meters above sea level.
In the north Kanpur is surrounded by Hardoi and Kannauj districts and in the south it is bounded by the Fatehpur & Hamirpur districts. On the west side of Kanpur is Kanpur Dehat district and on the east side is Unnao district. Also the city is surrounded by two main rivers of India, Ganges in the north-east and Yamuna in the south.
It is believed that name of this city is derived from Kanhiyapur, the town of Kanhiya (Lord Krishna). As the time passed, Kanhiyapur probably was abbreviated as Kanhapur and subsequently as Kanpur (the anglicized spelling of which was Cawnpore during the British rule). As per the other story, Kanpur is derived from Karnapur and is associated with Karna (eldest son of Kunti and one of the heroes of Mahabharata). Duryodhana gifted this place to Karna making him a king, when he realized that Karna has potential to defeat Arjuna. The place got famous by his name as Karnapur, which later became Kanpur.
Kanpur is one of the oldest industrial cities of North India. It is known all over the world for its leather industry. The economy of the city is based mainly on the production of leather and textile fabrics. In addition to leather and textile industries, the other industries like that of fertilizer, chemicals, soaps, pan masalas, hosiery and engineering are also operational in the city of Kanpur. Located at a vantage point on two national highways, that is, NH 2 and NH 25, Kanpur has good access to large markets, skilled man power, availability of raw materials for many industries, viz. leather, food processing, plastics etc. Also factories of the JK Industries group, Lohia machines, Duncans, etc. are some of the large units developed and run by private sectors in Kanpur.
Besides being an industrial hub, Kanpur is also famous for its educational institutes such as Harcourt Butler Technological Institute, Agricultural College, National Sugar Institute, Government Textile Institute, Indian Institute of Technology and many more.
Locals of the Kanpur are from different religions. A number of festivals are celebrated, of which Holi, Dussera and Diwali are the main festivals celebrated with great zeal and enthusiam. Lots of fairs are also organized during these festival times. Hindi, Urdu and English are the common dialects of the region.
The nearest big town to Kanpur is Uttar Pradesh state capital, Lucknow situated at a distance of about 85 Km.