Shah Jahan, son of Mughal Emperor Jahangir and grandson of Akbar the Great, was born in 1592. When he was strolling down the Meena Bazar in 1607, accompanied by his fawning courtiers, he caught a glimpse of a girl vending silk and glass beads. It was love at first sight and the girl was Arjumand Banu Begum, known as Mumtaz Mahal. Shah Jahan was 14 years old and Mumtaz Mahal was 15 years old at that time. He went back to his father and said he wanted to marry her and the marriage got solemnized after 5 years, i.e., in the year 1612.
In 1628, Shah Jahan became the Emperor and entrusted her with royal seal. Also he honored her with the title Mumtaz Mahal (meaning Jewel of the Palace). Mumtaz Mahal was his favorite wife among all his wives. While giving birth to their 14th child in the year 1631, Mumtaz died due to some complications. When she was on her deathbed, he promised her that he would build a richest mausoleum on her grave and would never remarry.
Some say that Shah Jahan was heartbroken after Mumtaz’s death and he ordered the court into mourning for 2 years. After sometime, he undertook the task of building the most beautiful monument in the world in the memory of his beloved wife. It was built by 22,000 workers in 22 years. After the death of Shah Jahan, his body was also laid in the tomb next to Mumtaz Mahal’s tomb. This monument came to be known as Taj Mahal.