Pongal or Makara Sankranti is one of the most beautiful occasions for the Hindus, and is celebrated in almost all parts of India and Nepal with great devotion, and fervor. Makara Sankranti is a Harvest Festival, with some exceptions, when the festival is celebrated on 13 January or 15 January. This Festival is also believed to mark the arrival of spring season in India.
While the traditional Indian Calendar is based on lunar positions, Pongal Festival is a solar event. So while dates of some Hindu festivals keep changing. The date of Makara Sankranti remains constant over a long term, 14 January Every Year and this festival is celebrated in the Hindu calendar month of Magha.
Pongal, apart from Harvest Festival, it is also regarded as a beginning of auspicious phase in Indian Culture.
The Main Significance of Pongal Festival is marks the termination of winter season. This Festival is also celebrated all over South Asia with some regional variations and celebrated with distinct names and rituals with different customs in different parts of the country.
Pongal Festival is so called by different regional names.
Makar Sankranthi : In Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Goa, Haryana, Jharkhand, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Manipur, Odisha, Rajasthan, Sikkim, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand and West Bengal.
Uttarayan : Gujarath and Rajasthan
Maghi : Haryana, Himachal Pradesh and Punjab
Pongal : Tamilnadu
Magha Bihu : Assam
Shishur Saenkraat : Kashmir
Khichdi : Uttar Pradesh and Western Bihar
Makara Sankramana in Karnataka
Makara Sankramanam in Andhra Pradesh
Makar Sankranthi Festival Video