12 Jyotirlingas, Jyotirlingam, Jyothirling - Shiva Temples of India
12 Jyotirlingas are the most visited Hindu Pilgrimage sites of India. These 12 Jyotirlingas are spread across India. Lord Shiva is the main Deity and is worshiped in the form of Jyotirlingam at these Holy sites. Jyothir lingam means, Lord Shiva appeared in the form of Jyothi (light) lingam.
It is Believed that those who visit these Jyotirlinga Temples, attain Salvation and Enlightenment. Originally it is believed to have 64 Jyotirlingas out of which 12 Jyotirlingas are regarded as most auspicious and holy. They are mentioned as follow:
In Twelve Jyotirlinga Temples a Sanskrit Script is written.
Saurashtre Somanathamcha Srisaile Mallikarjunam|
Ujjayinya Mahakalam Omkaramamaleswaram ||
Paralyam Vaidyanathancha Dakinyam Bheema Shankaram |
Setu Bandhethu Ramesam, Nagesam Darukavane||
Varanasyantu Vishwesam Tryambakam Gautameethate|
Himalayetu Kedaaram, Ghrishnesamcha shivaalaye||
Etani jyotirlingani, Saayam Praatah Patennarah|
Sapta Janma Kritam pApam, Smaranena Vinashyati||"
1. Somnath Jyotirlinga Temple, Gujarat :- View Map
Somanath Jyothirling Temple is in Gujarat and is located at a distance of 79 Km from Junagudh. Earlier, Somanath Temple was destroyed several times (sixteen times) by Mughal rulers and reconstructed by Hindu rulers. Finally, Somanath Temple was rebuilt by Maharani Ahilya Bai of Indore in 18th century.
It is believed that the original Shiva Lingam was hidden by the locals and was reinstalled in the temple after reconstruction of temple by the Maharani Ahilya Bai. Somanath temple is the prime abode of Lord Shiva among the twelve Jyotirlingas and is considered as the holiest of all the Jyotirlingas.
Accommodation near Somanath Jyothirling Temple: There are no good accommodation facilities available near this temple. One can stay at Veraval city Hotels, which is located at 8 - 10 kms from the temple.
2. Mallikarjuna Jyotirlinga or Srisailam Jyotirlinga Temple, AP : - View Map.
Mallikarjuna Jyotirlinga is located on a Mountain (Shri Shaila) on the banks of Krishna River in Andhra Pradesh State. It is believed that Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvathi Devi visit this Holy place.
The main deity of this temple is Srisailam Lord Mallikarjuna Swamy, Incarnation of Lord Shiva. The temple has a beautiful architecture. A fair is organized on Maha Shivaratri at this temple, every year.
Accommodation near Srisailam Jyotirlinga Temple: many Choultaries and tourist guest houses are available to stay at this temple.
3. Mahakaleshwar Jyotirlinga Temple or Ujjain Jyotirlinga MP: View Map
Mahakaleshwar Jyotirlinga Temple is situated at Ujjain, about 50Km (2hrs) from Indore in Madhya Pradesh. The main deity here is called as Mahakaleswara. The prominence of Ujjain Jyotirlinga temple is that the idol in this shrine faces southward and is popularly known as Dakshinamoorthy.
The architecture of this temple is a mixture of Rajput style and Mughal style. The decoration of Shiva Lingam in this temple varies in the morning and evening.
Accommodation near Mahakaleswar Jyotirlinga Temple: Mahakalewara trust Dharmashala is available to the tourists for stay.
4. Omkareshwar Jyotirlingam, Maheshwar, MP:- View Map
The popular Omkareshwar Jyotirlinga temple is located in Omkareshwar, Madhay Pradesh, at a distance of about 67 kms from Maheshwar, 76 Km from Khandwa & 80 km from Indore. This temple is situated on the banks of Narmada River.
5. Kedarnath Jyothirling, Uttarakhand: View Map
Kedarnath Jyothirling is one of the most visited among (12) Jyotirlingas and is the holiest pilgrimage place for Hindus, Located near the River Mandakini in Uttarakhand (Uttaranchal). Kedarnath Temple was built by Adi Shankaracharya in 8th century AD. Samadhi of Adi Shankaracharya is located behind Kedarnath temple. Jyotirlingam in Kedarnath is called as Lord Kedareshwar. This Jyothirling is not opened throughout the year. Kedarnath Jyotirlingam Temple remains open during May and October every year. This Temple is covered with Snow for six months in a year.
Kedarnath temple is situated in a hillock of about 11500 feet above the mean sea level. One has to go only by road to reach this temple. It is situated about 230Km from Rishikesh & 250Km from Dehradun.
Nearest airport - Jolly Grant Airport in Dehradun (about 240 km from Kedarnath).
Nearest railhead: Rishikesh, 225-230 km away from Kedarnath.
Nearest places to visit: Gaurikund, Rishikesh, Badrinath, Haridwar.
6. Bhimashankar Jyotirlinga, Maharashtra:
Bhimashankar is one of the prominent Jyotirlingas among 12 Jyotirlingas of India and is an ancient temple situated in Sahyadri hills in Maharashtra State. Bhimashankar temple was built during 18th century in the Nagara architectural style. It is said that Lord Shiva killed the Demon Asura in Bhima form.
There are no good accommodation facilities available to stay at Bhimashankar. One has to stay at Manchar which is located at 35Km from Bhimashankar on the way to Pune. Best time to visit Bhimashankar Jyotirlinga: September to February.
Bhimashankar Jyotirlingam is located 120 Km from Pune and 180 Km from Shirdi. This Jyotirlingam is not connected by train, one can reach it by road from Pune or Shirdi or Mumbai.
Nearest airport to Bhimashankar: Pune, about 95 km.
Nearest railhead: Pune
7. Trimbakeshwar Jyotirling, Maharashtra: View Map
Trimbakeshwar Jyotirling is one of the popular Jyotirlingas of India located in Trimbakeshwar, at a distance of 30 kms from Nashik in Maharashtra. The Main deity of this temple is Lord Shiva, represents three faces that indicates Trimurthi i.e Lord Bramha, Vishnu and Maheshwara (Shiva).
Nearest Airport: Mumbai, about 200 km
Nearest Railway Station: Nasik.
8. Vaidyanath Jyotirlinga or Baidyanath Jyotirlinga, Jharkhand: View map
Vaidyanath Jyotirlinga is one of the 12 Jyothirlingas of India and is also known as Baidyanath Temple, Baba Dham and Baidyanath Dham Temple. There is a dispute regarding the location of this Jyotirlinga. Some Believe, it is in Deogarh district of Jharkhand and some other believe it is located in Parli of Maharashtra.
9. Nageshvara Jyotirlinga, Gujarat: View Map
Nageshvara Jyotirlinga temple is one among the 12 Jyotirlingas of India, located in Nageshvara near Dwaraka in the State of Gujarat. This temple is believed to be the first Jyotirlingas on the earth.
10. Rameshwara Jyotirlinga or Rameshwaram Temple, Tamilnadu:
Rameshwara Jyotirlinga is one of the famous places among 12 Jyothirlingas, situated on the tip of Rameshwaram in Tamilnadu. It is believed that, Lord Rama, incarnation of Vishnu worshiped to Lord Shiva here, to absolve the sins (if any) that might have committed during the war against Ravana after returning from Srilanka.
11. Vishweshwar Jyotirlinga or Kashi Vishwanath Jyotirlinga Temple, Varanasi, UP: View Map
Kashi Vishwanath Jyotirlinga is one of the Prominent and most visited Jyotirlingas situated in Varanasi (banaras), Uttar Pradesh. It is one of the ancient & holiest places of India.
Kashi Vishwanath Temple was visited by great saints & spiritual personalities like Adi Shankaracharya, Ramkrishna Paramhansa, Swami Vivekanand, Goswami Tulsidas, Maharshi Dayanand Saraswati, Gurunanak etc. Kashi Vishwanath Temple attracts Many Tourists all over the world throughout the year.
12. Grishneshwar Jyotirlinga, Maharashtra: View map
Grishneshwar Jyotirlinga is one of the ancient Pilgrimage Destinations of India and is the twelfth (last) Jyotirlingas on the Earth. This temple is situated at a distance of 15 Kms from Daulatabad and 30 kms from Aurangabad.
Nearest Airport: Aurangabad
Nearest railhead: Aurangabad
Nearest Tourist place: Ellora.
"Shubham karoti kalyanam Arogyam Dhanasampada|
Shatru buddhi vinashaya Deepa Jyoti namostute||"