Royal Bengal Tigers- the national animal and proud of India is endangered and the fact was never hidden. Hence, it is no wonder what catapulted the wildlife tourism in the various tiger reserves around the country, which is followed by the need to know more about this exotic field through thorough research and act large scale quickly in order to preserve its habitat. This is where the Wildlife Institute of India (WII) found itself, carving out much needed space in various tiger reserves and national parks of India to contribut0e to Nature doing a challenging task it assigned to it.
The research and study on tigers and their habitats is the crucial step towards restoring the ecological balance that seems to be set in motion to be disrupted. The facts and numbers this time are expected to be grounded in reality if the senior researchers of the study are to be believed.
Why Wildlife Institute of India
The answer is easily imaginable if one understands the purpose this institution was conceived in 1982. Various subjects of ecological importance this institute caters work in order to make more and more people aware of the shortcoming and failure that have led to the degradation of the 'Natural wealth' of the country and then take their help in correcting what has gone amiss.
Wildlife conservation is no small task and requires patience as well as resources with the consideration of the versatility of geography, climate, socioeconomic priorities and culture. This begins with building up and promoting scientific knowledge through research and well as experimentation in conservation and management strategies as well as technologies. It is in the power of the institute to invite international collaboration if such is needed to secure ecological scale.
The Project in PAs in and around Tadoba-Andhari
Central India is among those regions of the country where forest covers are prominent which only underlines the need to monitor the Protected Areas (PAs) in Maharashtra to capture the much-needed glimpse of the 'bigger picture'. This takes the WII researchers to TadobaAndhari, which is oldest and largest national park of the state and also one of the most famous Indian Tiger Reserves. The others in the list are and Wildlife Sanctuaries or National Parks in India, Bor and Chaprala.
Referring to the tree god on the bank of Tadoba Lake and Andhari River, the name of the park is in itself a proof of harmony with Nature and individuality of the forest. Institutes like WII would only aid in maintaining that by implementing a project with the help of forest official in this PA. The project 'Long-term monitoring of tigers, co-predators and prey species in Tadoba-Andhari Tiger Reserve (TATR) and adjoining landscapes' would help carry out necessary detailing of the density, abundance and demographic ratio of tigers to help get better insights on the ways these fields.
Another reason to carry out this study in this region is the highest number of conflicts involving predators. These also incite locals enough to take harsh action against wildlife, consequently harming it without even realizing what harm they have brought about on the ecology.