The rugged paradise's landscape, wildness that transcends thought, simplicity of the people combined together creates an unavoidable aura around it. While you are visiting this beautiful dale, try to see through the lens of its own. Beyond the fusion of History and Landscapes, Nagaland has a mystic soul that tries to reach out to its every visitor. Its stunning views, ancient legends, mysteries, soul-stirring music, dancing and camaraderie, are waiting to be discovered by you on your trip to the wild colors of Nagaland.
History of Nagaland:
Nagaland is inhabited by the Naga tribes since ancient times and the area was known as Naga Hills. Reference of the Naga tribes can also be seen in the mythologies. They had their own rule and administration. The Nagas had good cultural and trade relations with Assam and Burma.
The area was invaded by the Burmese in the 18th century and they tried to establish their rule. This resulted in a lot of damage and turmoil in the area. But the invasion did not last for long and the tribes of North East jointly fought them away.
This followed the establishment of the British rule towards the end of 18th century. The Christian missionaries entered the North Eastern areas and a lot of tribes began to get converted into Christianity.
During the time of World War I, the British hired a number of tribes to work for them overseas. But they later decided to save their national interest and united as one. This resulted in the Naga Nationalist Movement against the British.
The fierce Battle of Kohima fought in 1944, is a historical event in Nagaland. The Nagas fought bravely against the Japanese in the battle that lasted for about 3 months. This battle is also known as the "Stalingrad of the East".
Post-independence, Nagaland remained a province of Assam until December 1963, when Nagaland was declared as a full-fledged state with Kohima as the state capital.
Domestic tourists should obtain Inner Line Permit. Permit fee is Rs 6 per applicant.
Foreign tourists as of January 1, 2011 no longer require a Restricted Area Permit (RAP) / Protected Area Permit (PAP) to enter Nagaland. The new rules only require foreigners to register themselves at the local Foreigners Registration Officer (FRO) of the district they visit within 24 hours of their arrival. However, the citizens of Pakistan, Bangladesh and China still need to apply for PAP/ RAP from Home Ministry to visit Nagaland.
Permits can be obtained from:
1. Deputy Resident Commissioner, Nagaland House, New Delhi
Tel: +91-11-23012296 / 23793673
2. Deputy Resident Commissioner, Nagaland House, Kolkata
Tel: +91-33-22823247 / 22821967
3. Assistant Resident Commissioner In Guwahati and Shilllong
Tel: +91-361-2332158 / 2333859 [Guwahati]
+91-364-252083 / 2520670 [Shilllong]
4. Deputy Commissioner of Dimapur, Kohima and Mokokchung
Tel: +91-3862-226530 / 230613 [Dimapur]
+91-370-2290666 / 229055 [Kohima]
+91-369-2226231 / 220333 [Mokokchung]
Tour operators can also be contacted for more information and obtaining permits for your visit.
Local Cuisine of Nagaland:
The most commonly available local dishes are made of pork, kidney beans, fermented soy, beef and buffalo meat. Indian and Chinese dishes are also available. Alcohol is banned in Nagaland. You only get rice beer here.
Some do’s and don’ts while visiting the Nagaland:
1. Appoint tourist guide only after verifying identification. It is advisable to have a proper tourist guide in Nagaland to be able to explore the place accurately.
2. Tourists need to main eco-friendliness and try not to dirty the city.
3. Travel-generated garbage to be kept at the minimum.
4. The vegetation of the area should be protected. Carrying cuttings from plants, plucking of flowers, seeds and roots without permission of the authorized persons is illegal.
5. Carving names and figures on trees, spraying graffiti on monuments, defacing rocks causes a lot of harm to the property. Tourists are requested to avoid these.
6. Firewood is scarce and should be used carefully while heating water, lighting bonfire or fire-places.
7. Read the literature, brochure carefully and gain complete information about the surroundings and the environment.
8. Carry required medicines, sun-screen lotion, water and inform the guide complete details about your health and physical condition.
9. Complete checking of vehicle should be done to reduce polluting gases/smoke. Ensure that the vehicle has adequate fuel. Vehicles like Jeep or Gypsy are suggested on hills.
10. It is illegal to carry fire-arms/ammunitions or any other explosives.
11. Strictly follow the guidelines for personal safety and security taking required precautions.
12. Comfortable clothes, hats and shoes make the travel and expeditions easy. Warm clothes are an essential during winters.
13. Exchange money only through authorized banks or money changers and ensure to take a receipt.
14. Travel tickets to be purchased from an authorized travel agent only.
15. Adventurous sports to be done only under professional guidance.
16. It is advisable to hire a jeep or a Gypsy to move around the city or intercity as it makes the journey comfortable and easy. The roads are quite rough and hence a sturdy vehicle is recommended.
17. It is very important to carry insect protection repellents and a sufficient first aid box while walking through the jungles and during camping.
18. While the tribes are very friendly and warm, do not indulge into any heated argument or violence with the tribes as this could be dangerous. Approach them humbly with your request.