Patiala is a town and administrative district headquarters of Patiala district, positioned in the north western state of India – Punjab.
Patiala is situated at south eastern tip of Punjab and is encircled by Fatehgarh Sahib in the north, Chandigarh in the north east, Ambala (Haryana) in the east, Haryana in the South, Nabha and Bathinda in the south west, Sangrur in the west and Ludhiana in the North West regions respectively.
According to the History, the city of Patiala was formed after the construction of Qila Mubarak by Baba Ala Singh in 1763, it was called as Patiala and is literally meant as the land of Baba Ala Singh (territory of Ala).
Patiala is one of the major Tehsil and sub divisions and developmental blocks of Patiala district. Agriculture is the main source of income and most significant economy activity for the people of Patiala. Paddy, Wheat, Maize, barley and sugarcane are major crops of the region. Patiala is well irrigated land with tube wells and canals. Patiala is one of the rapid growing industrial centres of Punjab with medium and small scale industrial units. The city of Patiala houses many historical monuments, religious shrines and famous tourist attractions. Puadi / Powadhi and Hindi are the languages spoken in the region of Patiala. Puadi is one of the dialects of Punjabi spoken in the regions of Powadh (Patiala, Nabha and Hisar etc).
Fairs and festivals of Patiala:
All festivals are celebrated in the city of Patiala like – Guru Purabas, Holi, Dussera, Diwali, Baisakhi Patiala Heritage festival etc
Baishaki / Vaisakhi is one of the significant festivals of Sikhs, celebrated in Patiala and rest of the Punjab with great joy and exuberance. It is an ancient traditional harvest festival of Punjabi’s, celebrated on arrival of harvest on 13-14th of April every year.
Patiala Heritage Festival is an art and cultural festival held in the city of Patiala every year. It was started in 2003 under the patronage of the Patiala Heritage society and is held in the month of February at Qila Mubarak complex. This festival includes the crafts mela which attracts more than 150 craftsmen from different parts of India, who display their wares for fifteen days and is held near Sheesh Mahal Art gallery.
Nearest Big Town to Patiala:
Fatehgarh Sahib – 38 kms
Ambala – 47 kms
Chandigarh – 67 kms