Jalandhar, Punjab: The city of Jalandhar is located in Jalandhar district, Punjab - the north-western state of India. Jalandhar is the district head quarters of Jalandhar district. It is situated at 31°33’00 North Latitude and 75°56’99 East Longitude, with an average elevation of 230 meters about 754.5 feet. This city stands between the fertile irrigational lands of Beas and Sutlej Rivers.
Jalandhar is encircled by Hoshiarpur in the north-east, Garhshankar and Anand Sahib in the east, Phagwara and Ludhiana in the south-east, Nakodar in the south, Moga, Faridkot and Ferozepur in the south-west and Kapurthala, Tarn Taran and Amritsar cities in the North-west regions respectively.
The name of the city originated from a demon king, named Jalandhara, noted as a demon king in Hindu epic Mahabharata and lived under water. ‘Jal’ is ‘water’ and ‘Andhar’ means ‘inside’, thus called as Jalandhar.
Jalandhar is an ancient city of the district and earlier, during the British reign it was called as Jullundur. It is surrounded by the Beas and Sutlej rivers, which have intensively irrigated plains. Agriculture is the main occupation of Jalandhar. The city of Jalandhar offers huge market for agricultural goods. It was the centre of Green Revolution of India in the early years of 1960. Jalandhar is a labor-oriented industrial city. This town is also famous for electrical goods industry, which is located in the limits of the city.
Jalandhar is well known for the production of leather goods, textiles, wood products, sports equipment and traditional Indian sweets. The city of Jalandhar owns a production unit which produces plenty of rubber footwear, tires and leather belts.
Punjabi and Hindi are the most spoken languages in Jalandhar. Punjabi dishes like Aloo ka paratha and Channa Bhatura are very famous food available in Jalandhar. Since independence of India in 1947, Jalandhar was the capital of Punjab state, until Chandigarh was built in 1953.
Fairs and Festivals in Jalandhar:
Baisakhi Festival is one of the most significant and popular festivals celebrated in the city of Jalandhar and almost all other parts of the state (Punjab). This festival is also called as Vaisakhi festival. This festival symbolizes the outset of harvesting season. Baisakhi festival falls on 13th or 14th of April (according to solar calendar) every year and celebrated as New Year of Sikhs. Baisakhi festival represents the community of sikhs which was established with the khalsa (group of saint-soldiers, Kaurs). Khalsa was established by Guru Gobind Singh, tenth Sikh guru on March 30, 1699 AD.
Harballabh Sangeet Mela is the festive event celebrated in the memory of Swami Harballah, (Famous saint and musician) which is performed from 27th December to 30th December every year. This Sangeet mela is organized at Devi Talab Mandir, where the Samadhi of saint Harballah is located. Eminent singers and instrument players from the different parts of the country come here to participate in the event.
Hoshiarpur is the nearest big town to Jalandhar with 46 kms in distance.