Akal Takht is situated exactly opposite to the Golden temple within the temple complex. Akal Takht is a combination of Persian and Punjabi words, literally it means “The seat of Timeless one” or “The seat of God”, (Akal- Timeless and Takht- Throne). Every night, the Guru Granth Sahib is brought to the Akal Takht.
Akal Takht is the most prominent seat of Sikh religious authority and central pedestal for Sikh political legislature. Through Hukam namas (Hukam - commanding, Namas - letter) announcements or orders, it may subject to orders providing guidance or explanation on any point of Sikh principles or practices referred in it. Here, if anyone disobeys the principles of Sikhism they may be summoned and they need to seek an apology if not followed they will be charged with abuse of religious discipline. General meetings (Sarbatt Khalsa) related to serious religious issues are held here. The Jathedar is the main spokesperson of Akal Takht, and is said to be a spiritual leader without pressure from any outside, political forces. The beginning of Sarbatt Khalsa (General meeting) at Akal Takht is initiated with the sword.
In Sikhism, God is assumed as unstructured (Niraakar). In Sikhism, the god is also called as Sultan, Patshah, Sacha Patshah, or the True King. The place, where he is seated is known as Sacha Takht. Sikhs believe that the throne of god gives out the true justice. Since Guru Arjan’s period (1563-1606) it became common for Sikhs to refer to the Guru as true king and his throne as Takht.
Architecture of Akal Takht:
Akal Takht is a great 5-storied modern structure (3 stores were built by Maharaja Ranjit Singh) with inlaid marble and a gilded domes, but that does not convey the Guru Hargobind’s design of simple Takht. However, modern renovation work has covered a coating of lime plaster, with painting work, which may have been a part of the old Takht. That podium was on a higher platform than the podium of the Golden temple; however the paucity of a framework kept the Akal Takht at a bit lower level than the temple.
The gold coating to the roof with adornments like those in the inner walls of the Golden temple is possibly later than in the holy of holies. The inner wall paintings of Akal Takht apparently belong to an ancient, as there are panes demonstrating European style. Akal Takht was obliterated with the Indian Army during 1984. After renovating Akal Takht building is known as Sarkari Takht (Sarkari- Government). Guru Hargobind Ji raised the height of the platform from 3.5 feet to 12 feet, disobeying the royal decree of Jahangir that no other person except the ruler himself can sit on a hoisted platform of more than 3 feet.