History of Thane: Unlike Mumbai Thane has its own history with evidences saying that initially it was mentioned by the Greek geographer, Ptolemy, who, in his writings (135- 150 AD) refers to a place called "Chersonesus", which, according to researchers is the area around Thane creek. Slabs and copper plates dating back to the period of Middle Ages have been discovered at the place. One of them, dug up from the foundations of Thane Fort in 1787, dated 1078 AD, is apparently a land grant from Arikesara Devaraja, sovereign of the city of Tagara, wherein he address the inhabitants of a city called Sri Sthanka. The great Venetian traveler Marco Polo, too, in the course of his wandering set of foots in Thane in 1290 AD. Another great traveler, Friar Jordanus, who visited the city between AD 1321 and 1324, describes it as being under a Muslim governor. He leaves a detailed sketch of early Christians in Thane and refers to the martyrdom of four Christian priests in the region, more than 200 years before the Portuguese ever-set foot in India.
It is said that the Portuguese came here in 1530 and ruled for over 200 years till 1739. Thane was then known as "Cacade de Tana". Work on the Thane Fort began in 1730. The Marathas, who conquered Bassein (Vasai) and Thane in 1737 and 1739, held sway over the region till 1784 when the British captured the Fort and ruled Thane, then also called "Tanna". They made it the headquarters of the district administration with a district collector stationed in Thane. The Thane Municipal Council was formed in 1863 with a meager population of less than 10,000 people.
Thane Rulers: Greeks and Parthians, Mauryas, Shilahars, Delhi Sultanates, Portuguese, Mughals, Peshwas, Marathas, British, etc were the rulers.
Thane is famous as a city from where the first railway line was initiated covering the stations from Bombay Victoria Terminus to Thane.
King Samprati, King Vikramaditya and King Shripal, Shri Narayanand Maharaj, Nuno da Cunha, Ashoka, Shivaji, Nana Saheb, Vasudev Balvant Phadke, Lord Lyttons, Chimaji Appa, Peshwa Bajirao I, Marco Polo, Friar Jordanus, Muhammad Tughlaq, etc were the famous personalities.