Nandurbar has a similar history to that of its neighboring district Dhule. The ancient name of this region was Rasika which was subsequently changed to Khandesh to suit the title Khan given to the Faruqi kings by Ahmad I of Gujarat. When the Aryans invaded the Deccan, Agasthya was the first Aryan to cross the Vindhya mountain range and reside on the banks of the Godavari River. This territory came to be included in the empire of Emperor Ashoka. Pusyamitra Sunga, the founder of the Sunga dynasty defeated the Mauryas. Later on, the Satavahana dynasty ruled over the region. After the downfall of the Satavahanas, the Vakatakas rose to power in Vidarbha. The Vakatakas were overthrown by the Rashtrakuta dynasty. This region was ruled by the Chalukyas of Badami and subsequently the Yadavas of Devagiri.
In A.D. 1296, Allauddin Khilji invaded the territory, and Ramachandra Yadava who ruled the area had to pay a heavy ransom. However, Khandesh formed the southern boundaries of the Tughlaq Dynasty, who ruled the region for a long time.
In 1601 AD, Khandesh came under Akbar's rule which was named by Akbar as 'Dandes' after his son Daniyal. The early 18th century saw the invasion of Nizams who revolted against the Mughal governor and became an independent power.
Salabat Jung was the last Nizam who was defeated by the Marathas in 1752. The Marathas controlled Khandesh until 1818. Balaji Balvant looked to the administration of Dhulia and fixed his headquarters here. He continued to exercise has authority till 1818, in which year the country passed to the British.
In 1819 Captain Briggs made Dhulia the district headquarter. The town had only three divisions, viz old Dhulia , Devpur and Moglai, New Dhulia and Peth previously known as Brigg's peth being his creations. Under his command Dhulia progressed a lot. In the year 1906 for administrative purposes, Khandesh was divided in to two districts known as West Khandesh and East Khandesh. West Khandesh retained Dhulia, Nandurbar, Navapur, Peta, Pimpalner, Shahada, Shirpur, Shindkheda and Taloda taluks of the old Khandesh district.
Before 1st of July, 1998 Nandurbar was part of the larger Dhule District. Nandurbar, Dhule District and Jalgaon District formed what was known as the Khandesh district. Dhule was known as the west Khandesh whereas Jalgaon was known as the east Khandesh. So, the history of Nandurbar District is similar to the history of Khandesh and Dhule. History states that prior to 1906 Dhule, Nandurbar and Jalgaon district were together known as Khandesh.
Mughal Empire, Marathas, Chalukyas, Rashtrakutas, Faruqi dynasty, Tughlaq empire, Bahmani dynasty, Satavahanas, Vakatakas, Yadava dynasty, Sanga dynasty, Peshwas & British.
Nandurbar is known to be a site for the construction and operation of the world's largest wind farm.
Maharaja Rudradasa, Nizams-ul- Mulk Asaf Jah 1, Balaji Balvant, Khaliph Umer Faruqi, Pulakeshi I, Saikh Burhanuddin, Shaikh Zain Uddin, Malik Iftikar, Malik Nasir, Malik Raja Faruqi, Ashoka, Firoz Taghluq, Hasan Gangu, Allauddin Khilji invaded Ramachandra Yadava, Pusyamitra, Agastya, Seunchandra, Syamidasa Bhulunda, Shirish Kumar, Capt. James Briggs, etc.