Nagpur's history dates back to the reign of the Rashtrakutas in the 3rd century. Eventually, the city was founded by Bakht Buland, who belonged to the Gond kingdom of the Chinndwara district. This was followed by Raghoji Bhonsle of Vidarbha who established himself as the king of Chanda, Deogarh and Chattisgarh in 1743. In 1755, Janoji was declared as the sovereign of the territory, after the death of his father Raghoji Bhonsle. Furthermore, in 1788, Janojis son, Mudhoji succeeded his father and annexed a part of the Narmada valley and Mandla under the territory of Nagpur. Subsequently, Mudhoji's son, Raghoji captured the eastern part of Maharashtra and expanded the territory of Nagpur still further.
Later in the early 19th century Raghoji II allied with the Peshwas and joined them in the Second Anglo-Maratha War. But the defeat in the Second-Anglo Maratha War forced Raghoji to surrender a part of his territory to the British forces. Moreover, in 1816, after Raghoji's death, his son was executed by Madhoji. Despite of signing a treaty with the British army, Madhoji joined the Peshwas in the Third Anglo-Maratha War and was forced to give away parts of his territory to the British. British took the charge of the entire territory of Nagpur after the death of Raghoji III in 1853.
Nagpur became a part of the Central Provinces in 1861. In 1867, the introduction of the Great Indian Peninsula Railway in Nagpur enhanced the prospects of trade and commerce in Nagpur. With the Indian independence in 1947, Nagpur emerged as the capital of Madhya Pradesh. Ultimately, in 1960, Nagpur was declared as the second capital of Maharashtra.
Rashtrakutas, Vakatakas, Gond kingdom of Deogarh, Peshwa, Marathas, Bhonsles and British.
Nagpur is considered as the center point of India geographically. It is known to be the largest Orange producer in India. The orange city is also famous for its scenic beauty teemed with beautiful forts and temples.
Krsna III, Krushnaji Prabhkar Khadilkar, Rashtrasant Tukdoji Maharaj, King Vindhyasakti, Prithvisena I, Raghoji Bhonsle, Janoji, Mudhoji I, Raghoji II, Parsaji, Dr. B. R. Ambedkar etc.