Dhar, a medieval historical city of Dhara Nagari, is located in the Malwa region of western Madhya Pradesh, India. It is a part of the Indore division. It is bounded by the districts of Ratlam to the north, Ujjain to the northeast, Indore to the east, Khargone (West Nimar) to the southeast, Barwani to the south, and Jhabua to the west. The city lies between Latitude 22° 35' N and Longitude 75° 20' E with an average elevation of 559 meters and spans an area of 8,153 km². It is located 53 km west of Mhow, 908 ft. above sea level.
Dhar is the administrative headquarters of Dhar district comprising 8 tehsils: Dhar, Dahi, Gandhwani, Manawar, Badnavar, Kuksi, Dharampuri, Sardarpur and 13 development blocks: Dhar, Tirla, Nalcha, Badnavar, Kuksi, Bagh, Nisarpur, Dahi, Gandhiwani, Manawar, Umarban, Dharampuri and Sardarpur.
Dhar has occupied an important place through its epoch-ancient, mediaeval and modern history. The name of city Dhar is derived from Dhara Nagara ('city of sword blades'). Dhar was known as Dhar Nagari in ancient period and Piran Dhar in Mediaeval period. Both in the ancient and in the early mediaeval periods, the city has had the privilege of being the capital city.
Dhar is beautifully situated among lakes and trees surrounded by barren hills. The northern part of the city lies on the Malwa plateau. The northwestern portion of the city lies in the watershed of the river Mahi and its tributaries, while the northeastern part of the city lies in the watershed of the Chambal River, which drains into the Ganges via the Yamuna River. The Vindhya Range runs east and west through the city. The southern boundary of Dhar lies in the watershed of the river Narmada which makes soil black and rich in fertility.
In Dhar, the principal agriculture seasons are Kharif, the autumn or rain harvest and rabi the spring or cold water harvest. The most important crops grown in Kharif season includes jowar, maize, bajara, rice, kodon, toor, mung, urad, sesamum, remeli, cotton and tobacco while wheat, gram, barley, lentil, tiwada, batla, linseed, sarson mustard and sugarcane are all rabi crops.