Balaghat is located on the south eastern region of the Satpura and Upper Waingangā Valley. The city shares borders with Chhattisgarh in the East, Seoni district in the West, Mandla district in the North, Dindori district to the northwest and the state of Maharashtra in the south. The city of Balaghat is well irrigated with Waingangā and its tributaries Bagh, Nahra and Uskal. Balaghat city is located between the coordinates of 21.19' to 22.24' North and 79.31 to 81.3' east.
Balaghat is the administrative district headquarters. The district of Balaghat has varied geographical conditions across that include- low lands, valleys and plateaus. Balaghat has the geographical distinction of largest mineral deposits of Manganese constituting upto 80% of the total manganese production of the country. Additionally deposits of Copper, Bauxite, Kyanite and limestone are also identified around the city of Balaghat in the recent past.
The final feather in the Balaghat's physical cap is the forest area that comprises almost 52% of the area. The forests have rich flora and fauna. Teak, Sal, Bamboo and Saja are the main trees in the forest and the wildlife is extensive with a part of the Kanha National Park cutting into the city limits of Balaghat. The biodiversity of these forests is amazing with Tigers, Leopard, Bear, Neel-Gai and Deer & Bison sharing the other half of the forest with the avifauna including Peacock, Red Bulbul and Koyal.
The name Balaghat suggests the meaning as "above the ghats". This was an initiative to encourage the dwellers of the city to relocate above ghats during 1867-1873. The city was known as Burha and eventually came to be known as Balaghat.