Kodungallur Bhagavathy Temple is a very popular and important temple not only in the town but also in Kerala.Though not really great in its architecture, the temple is more known for its fame and mythological importance. The shrine is dedicated to Goddess Bhadrakali (an incarnation of Goddess Durga).
The temple is located in the middle of a ten acre land, surrounded by Banyan and Peepal trees. Inside the temple there is a seat of Sapthamatrukas (Seven Mothers), facing the north. The temple also houses the images of Lord Ganapathi and Lord Veerabhadra.
There is a small shrine in the premises called Samadhi of Vysoori , dedicated to the Goddess of small pox, chicken pox, mumps and other contagious diseases
The sacred pond (called Pushkarini), is also very popular in the temple where devotees take a bath before entering the main shrine. It is believed that this pond was created by the goddess by striking the ground with her sword.
The temple is managed by the Cochin Devaswom Board and the temple is one of the richest temples in Kerala.
The idol of the Goddess Bhadrakali (popularly known as "Kodungallur Amma") depicts her fearsome form. The idol is six feet high and made of wood, carved from a jackfruit tree, having eight hands holding different weapons and symbols.There is a head of an Asura (demon) in one hand, a sword in one, an anklet in one hand, a bell in one hand etc.The five Sri Chakras installed by the renowned Adi Shankaracharya are believed to be the main source of the powers of this deity. The priests of the shrine are the Namboodiri and the Adikas (Madhu Brahmins) who perform Pushpanjalis (puja) to the Goddess.
The Goddess is the family deity of the Royal family here. During the celebrations of the temple, the Raja actively participates in the event.
The Bharani festival at temple is the most important festival of Kodungallur that is celebrated in the month of March - April. The festival begins with a ritual called Kozhikkallu moodal where cocks are sacrificed. The members of the Kodungallur Bhagavathy temple are allowed to participate in this ritual. It is believed that the sacrifice pleases the goddess Kali and her demons. Kavu Theendal is another important event of the festival where the King of Kodungallur actively participates. A number of Vellichapads (oracles) make a mad rush around the temple waving their sabres (axes) in the air. The other members throw objects (including cocks) in the area of event. They cry aloud to the goddess that seems to be abusing. Their cry is said to be accepted by the goddess and this follows a purification ceremony the next day. In the Chandanapoti Charthal the image of the Goddess is covered with sandal paste.
The Thalappoli festival is in the month of January-February is another important festival in the temple. The four day celebration begins from the evening of Makara Sankranthi with religious rituals. A big procession that is led by well decorated elephants are taken out to the temple.