Thrissur is located in Thrissur district of Kerala. The geographical coordinates are 10.52°N 76.21°E and has an average altitude of 2.83 meters. It is located 300 km towards north-west of the state capital Thiruvananthapuram.
Thrissur,located in the midland regions of Kerala extends upto Palakkad plains. The town is nested on a hillock. Due to these slopes, rain water flows down to the parts of the city located at the foot of the hillock. The Archaean rocks are spread in a large part of the city. Thrissur is very close to the Indian tectonic Plate and this makes it less prone to volcanoes.
Thrissur district shares its borders with Arabian Sea in the west, Palakkad district and Tamilnadu in the east, Malappuram in the South and Ernakulum district in the North. The rivers that irrigate the district are Periyar River, Chalakudy River, Karuvannur River, Kurumali River (main tributary of the Karuvannur river) and Ponnani River (Bharatha Puzha). They originate from the Eastern Mountain, and flow towards the west into the Arabian Sea.
The original name of Thrissur was Thrishivaperur or Thirushivaperur which was made short over a period of time. Thiru-Shiva-Perur is a Malayalam word that means "The City with the name of the Lord Siva".
Thrissur was also known as "Vrishabhadripuram" and then "Kailasam" (abode of Lord Shiva, Kailash of the South) in ancient days.
Thrissur, located in Thrissur district of Kerala is the district headquarters and the fifth largest cityin Kerala. It is the 20th largest city in India. Thrissur was once the capital of the Kingdom of Cochin. Thrissur is a place of temples with numerous big and small temples.
Thrissur is also known as the Cultural Capital of Kerala because of its cultural, spiritual and religious contributions throughout history. The city proudly claims ownership of the Kerala Sangeetha Nadaka Academy, Kerala Lalita Kala Akademi and Kerala Sahitya Academy.
The city leads in terms of all religions. One of the largest Hindu temples Vadakkunathan temple and number of renowned scholars and sages from here have contributed immensely to the Hindu culture. The Christian writings claim Thomas the Apostle to have set his foot here in Muziris about 2,000 years ago in AD 51-52. The country's first mosque, Cheraman Juma Masjid, built in AD 629 was in the Thrissur area. The city also was the gateway for Arabs, Romans, Portuguese, Dutch and English.
Over the years, Thrissur has developed as a major business center and today it is a hub of number of financial and commercial companies. Thrissur is also a major shopping center in Kerala for silks and gold jewelry. Rice is the staple food of the place.
Thrissur is also a major academic hub and is home to many educational institutions like the Kerala Kalamandalam, Jawahar Lal Bhavan Thrissur, Kerala Police Academy, Kerala Agricultural University, Kerala University of Medical and Allied Sciences and Kerala Institute of Local Administration.
Thrissur today is leading in Ayurvedic drug manufacturing industry in India. Of a total of about 850 Ayurvedic drug-manufacturing units in Kerala, almost 150 units are located in and around Thrissur. Thrissur Ayurveda Cluster has been developed by a group of Ayurvedic manufacturers of Thrissur. They have developed a cluster in KINFRA Park in Koratty near Thrissur city.
Football is the most popular sport in Thrissur city. The N.I. David Memorial Trophy, an annual inter-club football tournament is held at Thrissur Municipal Corporation Stadium. The football championship was started in 1996 by the then Superintendent of Police, Thrissur.
The Thrissur Municipal Corporation Stadium is a famous football stadium at Thrissur. The other stadiums here are Thope, Kerala Varma College and Agricultural University. There are two indoor stadiums - V.K.N. Menon Indoor Stadium and Thope Stadium. The Sports Authority of India (SAI) has built a swimming pool with international facilities.
Festivals and Fairs
The most important festivals of Thrissur are Christmas, Onam, Easter, Eid and Vishu.
Thrissur Pooram festival - This is the most colorful and outstanding temple festival in Kerala. The festival is held at the Thekkinkadu Maidan in April or May and is also referred to as 'the Pooram of all Poorams' and attracts thousands of visitors. The interesting feature of the festival is procession of beautifully decorated elephants from a number of neighboring temples to the Vadakkunathantemple; the most pleasing ones are from the Krishna Temple at Thiruvambadi and the Devi Temple at Paramekkavu. This festival was initiated by Shakthan Thampuran, the Maharaja of Kochi. The display of fireworks at the Vadakkunathan temple is an added attraction of the festival.
Music and dance compliment the celebrations. The celebration starts in the early hours of the morning and continues till sunrise of the next day.
Anayoottu - This is the world largest elephant feeding ceremony held in Vadakkunathan Temple in the city annually. The locals believe that the elephants are Lord Ganesh's incarnation. It has been the regular annual practice at the Vadakkunathan Temple for the last 20 years to conduct a large-scale Ashta Dravya Maha Ganapathy Havana and Aanayoottu on the first day of the Karkidakom month of the Malayalam calendar in July - August. Gajapooja also is conducted once every four years.
Arattupuzha Pooram - This is one of the most colorful carnivals of Kerala held in April-May every year. Thousands of people from different parts of the state come here to attend the festival. Idols from almost 41 temples in the neighborhood villages are brought at night in a grand procession of elephants to Arattupuzha village. The festival is named after the deity, Arat from the Arattupuzha River.
Literature - The ancestry of Thrissur literature goes back to early history of Kerala. It was however noticed after the Kerala Government established the Kerala Lalita Kala Akademi, Kerala Sahitya Academy, Kerala Sangeetha Nadaka Academy and College of Fine Arts in Thrissur. These were the platforms to promote literature, music and arts in Kerala. Thrissur is referred to as the literary capital of Kerala. Thrissur is the origin of a number of renowned writers and scholars.
Kochi is the nearest big town near Thrissur which is about 75 km away. Kochi is one of the mostwelldeveloped cities of Kerala.