Munnar is located in the Idukku district of Kerala. The city is centered on the Western Ghats at a height ranging from 1,450 meters (4,760 feet) to 2,695 meters (8,842 feet) above sea level. The geographical coordinates of the area are 10°05′21″N 77°03′35″E.
The Idukkudistrict is borderedby Pathanamthitta to the south, Kottayam to the southwest, Ernakulum to the northwest and Thrissur to the north and Coimbatore, Dindigul and Then Districts in Tamilnadu to the east. The Periyar, Thodupuzhayar and Thalayar flow through the district. Anamudi is the highest peak of the area.
Munnar derives its name from the Tamil words 'munnu' means - three and 'aar' means - River hence Munnar means "three rivers". The town has the three rivers Madhurapuzha, Nallathanni and Kundaly flowing through it thereby contributing to its name.
Munnar also known as Kashmir of South India is in Kannan Devan Hills (KDH) Village in the Devikulam taluk and is the largest Panchayat in the Idukku district. The town was the summer resort of the British Government in South India.
Due to its location and shared boundary, the town has had great cultural influence of Tamil Nadu. About 70% of the population of the town is Tamils.
The area in and around Munnar has an extensive growth of spices such as cardamom, cinnamon, nutmeg, vanilla, pepper, coffee, tea, cloves, ginger and turmeric. In fact Kerala is considered to be the spice capital of the world.
A number of tribes inhabit the area of whom the most noted tribes are Malayarayan, Mannan, Muthuvan, Oorali, Paliyan, Hilpulayan, Malapandaram, Ulladan and Malayan.
A holiday in Munnar makes one forget all the stress and pain of the fast running world. The beauty, serenity and freshness of the valley completely revitalize one's mind and body.
Munnar is a romantic paradise and an ideal honeymoon destination, a place which is the first thought of every newlywed couple. The place synonymously is also a great family holiday place and adventure sports hub. The place is not known for extensive sightseeing but is a place to unwind stress and to spend a relaxed holiday.
There are many Ayurvedic Treatment centers that offer treatments that are absolutely rejuvenating. Tourists from many other countries come here exclusively to avail these treatments. The therapies are not only rejuvenating but also curing. Ailments of various kinds are effectively cured with oil massages and herbal medicines. There are many luxury Ayurvedic treatments resorts that offer excellent accommodation while one can relax and enjoy the benefits of the treatments.
There are economy and luxury centers based on one's budget where trained professionals give treatments.
It is a more popular and a sport that is done by almost every tourist who visits Munnar. Comfortable walking shoes, water proof warm jacket, woolen / tennis socks, stockings, sunglasses, headgear, water, food, torch, first aid box, umbrella and rucksack are the essentials that one needs to carry while going on this expedition. Local guides and tour operators are available to guide visitors to the right path of trekking.
The main Trekking Points in Munnar are - Anamudi, Rajamala, Meesapulimala, Top Station, Kundala, Devikulam.
The famous Trekking Routes are:
Palapetty - Champakad
Karimuty - Inchapetty
Karimuty - Alampetty
Rock Climbing and Rappelling
Rock climbing is very popular in and around Munnar. Sports lovers can enjoy the rock faces and adventurous youngsters can enjoy their venture by rock climbing and rappelling.
The revitalizing rock climbing sessions is conveniently possible with the assistance of the tourism promoters who train and guide the visitors. Walking or bicycling is also a common sport that is enjoyed by visitors. More than a venture it is a pleasure to go for rock climbing in the steep hills and aroma of tea. Proper equipment, water, food, comfortable shoes, first aid box and road map are the essentials for this sport.
Tea or Chai is one of the highly consumed beverages in the whole world. Munnar and its neighboring areas have huge Tea plantations that produce different varieties of Tea. The endless orchards of tea plantations are absolutely refreshing and leave a lingering fragrance in one's mind and heart. These lush green plantations are major tourists spot for visitors and livelihood for the locals. The climate and the land make it a perfect place for Tea cultivation. Visitors love to visit these plantations and carry back some tea bags.
The nearest big town to Munnar is Ernakulum which is about 120 km away. Ernakulum is the district headquarters of Ernakulum district and is a major commercial hub.