It is said many years ago there was a village named Maraphari also pronounced as Marafari deep in the jungles of Chota Nagpur. The closest village cluster was Chas. Purulia was its closest town and the area was ruled by the Maharaja of Kashipur. Historians and folklores describe that this area came under Mughal rule due to the conquests of Man Singh. Thus the region acquired the name 'ManBhoom' with VeerBhoom and SinghBhoom or Singhbhum being its neighboring regions also named after the brave general, Veer Man Singh. This remote place came into prominence when Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru zeroed in onto the region to build the first Swadeshi steel plant with the help of the Soviets. Maraphari's proximity to coal, iron ore, manganese, and other raw materials had aided in getting selected to be the steel city. The steel plant in the city was originally incorporated as a limited company on 29 January 1964, and later got merged with the steel giant SAIL and got itself a new name as Bokaro Steel Limited (BSL).
The Maharaja of Kashipur, the Mughals and later the British ruled over the region.
The Bokaro Steel Plant is the chief attraction of Bokaro. Tourists often come to Bokaro Steel City to tour the steel plant and to see the process of steel making. Bokaro city also has various religious, leisurely and picnic attractions.
The city of Bokaro also gained fame due to the three Japanese styled artificial islands and an artificial park that has attracted tourists in droves.