Betaab Valley history

Betaab Valley History-Origin-Importance-Architecture

Betaab Valley was inspired and named after the bollywood film ‘Betaab’. This valley was featured in the movie extensively which worked like a charm for the movie which became a humungous hit. And it didn’t end there. Owing to the enormous popularity of this film and its romantic locales, this valley was named after ‘Betaab’. Several other bollywood movies were filmed here.

Betaab Valley, which is a part of Pahalgam area – one of the several valleys of Kashmir came into existence during the post geosynclinal stage of the development of the Himalayas. Geosyncline is a geological term that refers to a major down-wrap in the earth’s crust, which would be about 1000 kilometres in length, in which sediments accumulate for many kilometres over millions of years. These sediments could be deformed and metamorphosed during mountain-building. So when a part of the surface of the earth sinks over a period of time, it forms a trough of hundreds of miles – which could be a narrow basin or a geologic rift. Betaab Valley lies between the two Himalayan Ranges – Pir Panjal and Zanskar. Archaeological evidence proves the human existence in this region from the Neolithic Age, especially at Burzahom, Bomai and Pahalgam.

Betaab Valley – a part of the Kashmir region, was ruled by the Mughals since the 15th Century. In latter part of the 1400s the Turko-Mughal Military General Mirza Muhammad Haidar Dughlat ruled over Kashmir first on behalf of Sultan Said Khan of Kashgar and then on behalf of the Mughal Emperor Humayan. A polyglot and a historical writer, General Haider wrote the ‘Tarik-i-Rashidi’ – a personal memoir of the Central Asian History.

Sultan Ghiyas-ud-Din Zain-ul-Abidin known by all his courtiers and Nobles as the greatest Mughal King ruled the entire Kashmir region for about 40 years during which time he was famous for promoting peace and harmony in Kashmir’s pluralistic society. He even gave a directive to restore and restructure Kashmir during his reign – quite contrary to conventional foreign invading rulers. It was under him that ‘Kashmiriyat’ – a ‘social and cultural consciousness’ of Kashmiri people was developed.


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