History of Solan: The history of Solan goes back to the ancient times. Mythologically it is believed to be one of the sites where the Pandavas of the Mahabharata lived during their exile.The area was invaded by the Gurkhas in 1803 – 1805. In 1815 the Gurkhas lost the territory to the British. Historically it was the place where the Irish Revolt of 1920 against the British Army took place. The British won the battle.
Solan however was not a known place until the British rule. A brewery was established here in 1855 due to abundant availability of good water. The town was the capital of the princely Baghat State. The word Baghat is derived from Bau or Bahu means "many" and Ghat means “pass”. A cantonment was built here in the late 19th century by the British after which Solan was made the capital. A railway line (Kalka-Shimla rail line) was also built in Solan in 1902 making the place commutable with nearby cities. Solan came to be known more as a British town owing to the cantonment here and it cherishes the British heritage.
Solan was under the Shimla administration until independence. In 1948 it was a part of the Mahasu district. In 1956 it was made a part of Ambala district (Haryana). Solan district was created as a part of Himachal Pradesh State on 1 September 1972 by merging Solan and Arki villages and a few other tehsils from Shimla and Punjab with Solan city as its district headquarters.
Gurkhas and British were the prominent rulers.
Solan is famous as the Mushroom city of India owing to the number of mushroom growing farms located here.
Famous Personalities in Solan:
Ruskin Bond – Writer who visited the city.