Faridabad, located in the state of Haryana was established by Sheikh Farid in 1607 A.D. Sheikh Farid, Sufi Saint was also known as Baba Farid who was the treasurer of Mughal Emperor Jahangir. The city was established to safe guard the Grand Trunk Road (now NH 2 highway). Faridabad was later declared the headquarters of Pargana, an estate ruled by the Ballabgarh ruler. Faridabad was ruled by the Mughals in the medieval period. In the early 18th century it was taken over by the British.
In 1950, during the India-Pakistan separation, industries were established in the area to rehabilitate the Pakistani refugees. This became the base for the industrial development in the area.
Faridabad was separated from Gurgaon district and was declared a separate district with Faridabad city as its district headquarters on 15 August 1979 as the 12th district of the state.
Historically this region was ruled by the Mughals and the British.
Faridabad is famous for its Heena (also known as Mehendi which is a leaf that is dried and powdered. It is used in Indian weddings to decorate the hands and legs of the brides and as a dye for the hair).
The famous personalities of Faridabad are:
- Maharani Kishori - wife of Jat Maharaja Suraj Mal of Bharatpur in Rajasthan, India; married in 1730.
- Raja Nahar Singh - Jat King of the princely state of Ballabhgarh in Faridabad (1823 - 1858)
- Sonu Nigam - Indian playback singer (born 1973)
- Richa Sharma - Indian playback singer (born 1972)
- Ajay Ratra - Indian cricketer (born 1981)