Hisar, the administrative headquarters of Hisar district in Haryana State is located in the northwestern part of India. The city is about 164 km from the country capital Delhi. Its geographical coordinates are 75.43 degrees North and 75.04 degrees East.
The boundaries of the district are Jind in the North East, Bhiwani towards the South East, and Fatehabad on North West and Rajasthan in the South West.
Hisar is a part of the alluvial or Ghaggar-Yamuna plain. The Ghaggar River is the main source of irrigation. A network of canals and the artificial drains are built in the area.
Hisar was established by the Muslim ruler, Firoz Shah Tughlaq in 1354 A.D. ‘Hisar’ is an Arabic word which means ‘Fortress’. The city was initially called as Hisar Firoza (also Hisar-e-Firoza) which is now called as Hisar.
Hisar or Hissar city is one of the fastest growing important urban cities of the State. Hisar has benefited by the advantage of being located on a prime location, close to Grand Trunk Road and has thus grown considerably fast.
Hisar is the hub for not only the state but also for the nearby states for medical treatment, purchase of good quality seeds, cows, buffaloes, bullocks, sheep and educational institutions.
Hisar is the battalion Headquarters of Border Security Force. 3rd Bn. H.A.P. and commando force. The departments are centralized in a five storied building called the District Administrative Complex constructed in Hisar in 1980. This administrative and judiciary compound is Historical Significance District- HISAR.
The main crops grown in Hisar are gram, wheat and cotton.
There are many reputed colleges and universities in Hisar that attract students from all over North India.
Chaudhary Charan Singh Haryana Agricultural University
It is also known as HAU and is one of Asia's biggest agricultural universities, named after India's seventh Prime Minister, Chaudhary Charan Singh. The university leads the agricultural research field in the country. It has contributed considerably to the expanding Green Revolution and White Revolution in the country since the 1960s and 1970s. The university has a huge campus and many research centers located in various places in the state. It was rated as the Best Institute and was awarded the Indian Council of Agricultural Research in 1997.
The nearest big town to Hisar is Rohtak which is 95 km away.