Korba is an industrial city located in Korba district in the state of Chhattisgarh. It is the power capital of the newly created state of Chhattisgarh. It comes under Bilaspur division and is inhabited chiefly by tribals consisting of the protected tribe Korwas (Pahadi Korwa). The city is blessed with lush green forest cover with a sizeable extent of tribal population.
Korba serves as the district headquarters which is situated on the banks of the confluence of rivers Hasdeo and Ahiran. It is located at 22.35°N and 82.68°E; with an average elevation of 252 m with 826 ft above sea level.
Korba district exists in the northern half of the Chhattisgarh state and abounded by the districts Korea, Surguja, Bilaspur and Janjgir etc. The district's total area comprises of 7,14,544 hectares of land out of which 2,83,497 hectares comes under forest region.
Korba derives its name from one of the protected tribes in the region known as Korwa.
Korba is known for its natural vegetation besides coal production. The tribal population existing in the forest areas lives in prosperity with the environment and has withheld their unique cultural characteristics and traditional events. The area continues to be a fascinating tribal land inhabited with hilly terrains untouched by the trappings of modernity.
Korba city is the 88th most populous city of India and 3rd in Chhattisgarh state behind Raipur and Bhilai cities. The district of Korba contains the highest per capita income in Chhattisgarh. The people of Korba represent various religious, social and cultural backgrounds. The chief inhabitants are tribals who constitute the majority (51.67%) of the total population. The main Scheduled Tribes living in Korba district are Pahadi Korwa, Gond, Raj Gond, Kawar, Bhaiyana, Binjwar, Dhanuhar etc. Meanwhile, Satnami, Ganda, Panka etc. come under the Scheduled Caste.
Korba charms you with some of its alluring heritage, bio-diversity and religious sites accompanied with some natural picnic spots. The city is a bit a bit traditional and rustic in nature but is very much vibrant which presents a striking contrast to its concrete forests and semi-urban lifestyle. The city is steadily but surely transforming itself with basic modernity's like computer centers, Net cafes, IT tutorials and English medium schools, all over. Cultivation is still the chief occupation of the locals with Chhattisgarhi as the main local language. Pottery, agriculture, weaving, especially the famed Kosa silk, continue to be the mainstay of the population.
Korba symbolizes social and cultural diversities. The people here mainly celebrate Holi, Dussehra, Christmas and Diwali. The main adivasi festivals are Dev Uthni, Pola, Cherchera, Karma, Hareli etc.
The nearest big towns to Korba are Bilaspur (113 km), Raipur (200 km) and Raigarh (110 km).