Silchar, Assam: Silchar is the headquarters of Cachar District of Assam. Located at 24.82°N 92.8°E, Silchar has an average elevation of 72 feet above sea level. Silchar is Assam's second largest city with River Barak meandering through the city in a unique shape of horse - shoe loop with the city flanked on both its sides. A part of the Surma-Meghna River System, River Barak is on the verge of being declared as a National Waterway - 6 by the Indian Government.
Silchar is less than 80 kms east from the India-Bangladesh Border and is 32 kms east of Katigara - the nearest town in Assam and about 400 kms southeast of Guwahati and Dispur - Assam State Capital.
'Shiler Chor' (meaning 'the river-bank of stone') is what the Silchar River Port was referred to as during the British reign when the river-docks were covered with stones in order to facilitate docking of ships. Over a period of time 'Shiler Chor' became 'Silchar'
Silchar is a picturesque town comprising river, bridges, tunnels, tea gardens - all surrounded by undulating green hills. Aerial photographs of Silchar Town show just how interesting a landscape Silchar is. Being spread across River Barak and then surrounded by hills, Silchar is also referred to as the 'Barak Valley'.
Silchar is an important commercial town of Northeast India and serves as an Economic Gateway to Mizoram and Manipur - with a very stable government which was heralded as the 'Island of Peace' by the former Prime Minister of India - Indira Gandhi.
Silchar being a major hub of Educational Institutions - some of which being of national standard currently attract students from all over northeast India for education as well as for education-tourism.
Agriculture is the main occupation of the people of Silchar. On the outskirts of Silchar, is one of Asia's largest paper mills - the Hindustan Paper Corporation Limited which was established in the 1960s.
Haflong (107 kms), Lumding (221 kms), Guwahati (400 kms), Shillong in Meghalaya (226 kms) are the nearest big towns to the Silchar.