Banaganapalle history

Banaganapalle City History-Importance-Origin-Architecture

The history of Banaganapalle is long and illustrious. It is so unfortunate that though this place is very close to one of the very famous Hindu temples, Yaganti, which has a history dating back to thousands of years, not much information is available with respect to the Hindu rulers who ruled and patronised this area. According to the Hindu Mythology not much information about the rulers, kings and kingdoms is available.

Here is a glance of the rulers of Banaganapalli based on the available resources. The ruler of Bijapur Sultan Ismail Adil Shah conquered Banganapalle from Raja Nanda Chakravathy 1601 AD. Siddhu Sumbal who got the command of the fort from Sultan Ismail Adil Shah ruled this place till 1665.

As successor of Siddhu Sumbal, Muhammad Beg Khan-e Rosebahani died without natural male heirs, Muhammad Beg Khan Najm-i-Sani, entitled Faiz Ali Khan Bahadur his grandson or adopted son succeeded him. Muhammad Beg Khan Najm-i-Sani secured his rights with the help of maternal uncle Mubariz Khan who was the Mughal Viceroy of the Deccan following the Mughal conquest of Bijapur. 

The ruling family of Banganapalle said to be the descendents of Sayyid Muhammad Khan Rizvi a prime minister to Shah Abbas II of Persia. The younger son of him has been forced to leave Persia because of his elder brother's jealousy towards him. 

Tahir married the King of Bijapur after entering the kingdom as a fakir and later climbed the hierarchy by serving a Minister of Adil Shah. Tahir was murdered by his brothers-in-law, forcing his widow to flee into the Carnatic (the present Karnataka state) with her two sons. The younger son, Sayyid Muhammad Khan Naqdi, became a mansabdar under Sadu'llah Khan and married the granddaughter of Faiz Ali Khan, by whom he had two sons. The elder of the two, Husain Ali, inherited Banganapalle on the death of his childless maternal uncle, Fazl Ali Khan. The younger brother, Asad Ali, inherited Chenchelimala in jagir. 

Husain Ali Khan joined Hyder Ali as a senior military officer by a truce. He was succeeded by his eldest son Ghulam Muhammad Ali, a minor in 1783. Within a year both developed differences with Tipu Sultan, and fled with their families to Hyderabad. They returned in 1789, defeated Tipu's forces and resumed control. Shortly afterwards, Asad Ali Khan gave his daughter in marriage to his nephew and bestowed Banganapalle state as a dowry. Thus, Chenchelimala became a part of the state.

Ghulam Muhammad Ali enjoyed a long reign and later bestowed the crown to Husain Ali II his eldest son in 1822. The latter, however, proved to be a poor financial manager and began accumulating large debts. Several attempts by the East Indian Company to introduce reforms proved futile and he was de-positioned in 1832. The East Indian Company annexed Banaganapalli to the Madras presidency and the Nawab was sent to on a pension.

Once the financial condition was restored the Governor of Madras-in-Council returned Banganapalle to the former Nawab, Husain Ali II in 1848. As the Husain Ali II didn't have any male heir's his elder son-in-law and nephew, Ghulam Muhammad Ali was given the possession of the state. After the death of Ghulam Muhammad Ali in 1868, he was nephew and son-in-law Sayyid Fath-i-Ali Khan. However, Sayyid Fath-i-Ali Khan was a good ruler and received many honour from the East Indian Company because of the financial mismanagement the British Government appointed a administrator to take of the state just a few months before Sayyid Fath-i-Ali Khan death in 1905.

Sayyid Ghulam Muhammad Ali Khan III succeeded his father as a minor in 1905, was monumental in momentous changes and his rule was by far stable and effective. After his death in 1922 his eldest son, Mir Fazl Ali Khan III became the ruler. 

Within a few years of Mir Fazl Ali Khan III succession, fell to financial instability because of his expenditure which followed by drought and the world economic depression worsened the financial crisis. Later the British government appointed a administrator to oversee the state but as the Nawab had a strong clout in the state the Nawab of Banaganapalli was asked to stay out of the state in 1939. The Nawab was restored back to power in 1947 to exercise his choice of joining India or Pakistan during the separation. Within a year, the old Nawab was succeeded by his only son, Nawab Mir Ghulam Ali Khan.  When the princely states were abolished by Mrs Indira Gandhi in 1970, Nawab Mir Ghulam Ali Khan took an active step to fight against the government order in the Supreme Court. Though the verdict from the Supreme Court was in his favor with a new legislation the state princely state was taken over by the Government of India. It is said that the Nawab and his heirs Mir Fazl Ali Khan stay in Hyderabad and visit their erstwhile state Banaganapalli frequently.

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