Kadapa is one of the sprawling cities in Andhra Pradesh. It is now a contemporary city standing in contrast with the ancient and historical ones. The town is surrounded on three sides by the Nallamala and Palakonda hills. Cuddapah has a rich flow of rivers with five rivers flowing through it- Penna, Chitravathi, Kunderu, Papaghni, Sagileru and Cheyeru. Thus agriculture is one of the main sources of occupation for the people living in Cuddapah. Rice, jowar, cotton, turmeric, maize, chilies, sugar cane, sesame, melons and peanuts are grown in large quantities in this region.
'Kadapa' got its name thus from a Telugu word 'Gadapa', which means threshold. The city is so called because it is the gateway to the sacred pilgrimage centre, Tirumala (the abode of Lord Venkateshwara), for those travelling from north.
There is an ancient temple of Lord Venkateshwara, called as Devunikadapa, in the city, from which the city got its name as 'Kadapa'. The folklore say and believe that one has to visit this temple in the city before proceeding to visit Lord Venkateshwara temple at Tirumala.
The city has many prominent places in and around that are worth visiting. The beautiful architecture of the temples and other monuments that still adorn the region stand as the evidence for the rich heritage and culture of the bygone days. A small village called Gandi situated in the valley-like place is famous for the temple of Lord Hanuman, is worth visiting. There is a fort in Gandikota standing for ages, a place not to be missed. A legendary village called Kandimallayapalli, famous for the Brahmamgari Matham, is a place of religious order and makes it a good place to visit.
There are also a couple of temples like Eswaramma temple, Poleramma temple, Siddaiah Jeeva Samadhi and the Veerabrahmam Reservoir that are worth paying a visit. Pushpagiri, Vontimitta and Tallapaka are also religious places with very beautiful temples. All the three places are legendary and famous for the temples of Chenna Kesava Swami temple, Sri Kodandarama Swami temple