Mussoorie, Uttarakhand: Mussoorie, also renowned as the Queen of the Hills, is a city in Dehradun district of Uttarakhand state of India. Perched at an elevation of about 1,880 meters (6,170 ft) above sea level, the city of Mussoorie lies between 30.45 degrees east latitudes and 78.08 degrees north longitudes. It is surrounded by snow capped mountains to the north-east and the Doon valley and the Shivalik ranges in the south.
Mussoorie, a picturesque hill station being situated in the foothills of the Garhwal region of the Uttarakhand state presents with cool and pleasant climatic conditions all year around. The city also proffers serene and tranquil environment all over the place, green hills with rich variety of flora and fauna, magnificent views of the snow laden mountains and lot more. From the time of British this place has gained popularity as the best place to relax and rejuvenate in the lap of nature.
The name of the city Mussoorie is derived from a shrub 'mansoor' which grows well in this region. It is also observed that most of the Indians often refer it to as 'Mansoori'.
Mussoorie, a fascinating hill resort, is one of the most visited places of the Uttarakhand state. The Landour, an adjoining town to this city, includes a military cantoment which is considered as a part of 'greater Mussoorie'. In addition Barloganj and Jharipani also form part of 'greater Mussoorie'.
Mussoorie has a strong and rich culture. The glimpses of which can be observed in the fairs, temples and the houses of that region. A number of fairs and festivals such as Hatkalika Fair, Surkhanda Devi Mela, Tapkeshwar Fair, Kunjapuri Fair, Mata Murti Ka Mela, Lakhawar Village Fair, Tapkeshwar Fair, Kunjapuri Fair, Surkhanda Devi Mela, Lakhawar Village Fair, Mata Murti Ka Mela and many more are celebrated here with great joy and enthusiasm. One can also see several temples, in fact for every religion. Besides in the city of Mussoorie most of the houses are named after their ancestral owner. Garhwali is the local dialect of the region. In addition English and Hindi are also used in this hill station. Mussoorie is considered as a one-stop destination for people of all ages.
Besides providing a fairyland atmosphere, the city of Mussoorie unfolds a variety of activities for all tourists such as trekking, mountain climbing, long walks down the nature's path, shopping etc. Those interested in shopping at Mussoorie should never miss going to The Mall. From the Mall you can get several imported as well as indigenous goods such as Tibetan metal ware, antiques, books, hand-carved walking sticks, embroidered wall hangings, cane baskets, hill jewelry, garments, dry pinecones, knick-knacks, curios. One can also take some of the things like Tibetan prayer wheels, wooden boxes and pen stands, hand-carved walking sticks and many more items from this place. Pure Ladakhi shawls and antique jamawar shawls carry heavy price tags, but they are worth having a look at even if not being purchased.
The nearest big town to Mussoorie is Dehradun, at a distance of about 35 Km.