Anandpur Sahib, Punjab: Anandpur Sahib is a historical city, situated in the district of Rupnagar (Ropar) in north western state of India - Punjab. It is geographically positioned at 31.2367° North Latitudes and 76.4975° East Longitudes and has an average elevation of 286 meters, about 941 feet above the sea level. The city of Anandpur Sahib is popular as 'Holy City of Bliss' and is one of the most significant and sanctified places of Sikhs. This town is closely related with Sikh religion, tradition and history.
Anandpur Sahib is located on the north-eastern border of Punjab State and is bordered with Gobind Sagar reservoir in the north, Rupnagar (Ropar) in the south, Hoshiarpur, Jalandhar and Kapurthala in the North West and Ludhiana in the south west regions respectively.
Earlier, Anandpur Sahib was called as Chakk Nanaki, which was founded by the ninth Sikh Guru - Guru Teg Bahadur Ji in 1665. Later, Chakk Nanaki became as Anandpur Sahib.
Anandpur Sahib is one of the four Tehsils and is the chief Tehsil of Ropar District, Punjab. Agriculture controls the economy of Anandpur Sahib and is their main source of income. Dairy and poultry form the next most preferred occupations of the city. Wheat and paddy are the most cultivated crop and Sugarcane, maize and fruits are the other crops of this region.
Tube wells are the main source of irrigation and Canals are also used in some parts of the region. Anandpur Sahib is well-known for a typical Punjabi cuisine - Makkai Di Roti with Sarson-da-Saag, and a large glass of fresh Lassi.
Hola Mohalla is a popular and significant religious fair of Sikhs, celebrated at Anandpur Sahib - Punjab, every year. This event is celebrated on the next day of Holi (in the month of March) and is celebrated for three days. Numerous Sikh devotees, across the country visit Anandpur Sahib to Participate in Hola Mohalla Fair. Every Gurudwara of Anandpur Sahib is well decorated during this fair.
During Hola Mohalla, Sikh warriors (Nihangas) wear their traditional dress and weapons. On the final day of this festival, a huge procession starts from the Gurudwara Anandgarh Sahib and moves towards the Holgarh Fort (the site where the tenth Sikh Guru - Guru Gobind Singh Ji initiated this fair). Then, the procession ends at the sandy bed of Charan Ganga, where the Sikh warriors (Nihangs) demonstrate martial arts, riding, sword wielding.
Hola Mohalla was initially celebrated in the year 1700, (the year after the formation of the Khalsa) by the tenth Guru - Guru Gobind Singh Ji.
Rupnagar it the nearest big town to Anandpur Sahib, located at a distance of 40 kilometers.