Bhubaneswar is one of the ancient cities of India. This temple town is situated between 21° 15' North Latitude 85° 15' Longitude at an altitude of 45 meters above sea level. Geographically, Bhubaneswar is located in the eastern coastal plains of Orissa on the south-west of the Mahanadi River.
Bhubaneswar, the name originates from the Sanskrit word Tribhuvaneshwara, one of the innumerable names given to Lord Shiva. The history of the city rolls back to over 2000 years wherein it was known as the Ekamra Kshetra. The 'city of temples', as it is now known has been named after Tribhuvaneswar, 'Lord of Three Worlds'. The city still preserves many of its ancient temples, around which the religious life of the city revolves. Termed as the "Cathedral of the east" Bhubaneswar is also the modern capital of Orissa.
When one refers to Bhubaneshwar, the image that comes across is a cosmopolitan, multicultural city that showers a mélange of flavors from its ever changing mosaic of contrasting culture. The amalgamation of ancient beliefs and contemporary culture, of rich legacies and sleek modern living makes Bhubaneshwar an ever-youthful, ever-enchanting city for tourists. For centuries Bhubaneswar has been a place of religious and cultural efflorescence and today the city reflects a unique harmony between antiquity and urbanity. A stunning city which always reminds people of its past, with over 2,000 years of history, over 600 Hindu temples, Kalingan architectures, museums, zoo, and many more to explore, it is true that Bhubaneshwar can't be seen in a day if you want to pay it anything more than a cursory inspection. Besides being renowned as the Temple City of India, historically Bhubaneshwar has been known by different names such as Toshali, Kalinga Nagari, Nagar Kalinga, Ekamra Kanan, Ekamra Kshetra and Mandira Malini Nagari. Many people have written books and articles about Bhubaneshwar on its culture, myths and other interesting facets of a culturally vibrant city. Though many books and blogs have been written to give us a glimpse about the city, Bhubaneshwar goes beyond temples and its metropolitan way of life. Today, it is a bustling administrative, commercial, industrial and religious center merging its intriguing past with its present.
Taking into consideration the varied manifestations of the city with regard to its history, its growth as a propitious part of the economic growth of the nation, the city has had the distinction of being recognized as the sister-city of Cupertino, California, USA. Since 16th August, 2011, the city has attained this distinction. With this partnership the focus would be on developing education, healthcare, art and culture, commerce and create more business opportunities on both sides.