Jiribam, Manipur: Jiribam also known as Jirighat is a small city in the Imphal East district of Manipur and is also known as the Western Gateway of Manipur. The city is the main hub of Manipur as it has the only railway station of the state.
Jiribam is a place of greenery and natural beauty. The residents of Jiribam are very ecofriendly and constantly strive to conserve the natural resources beauty and wealth of the place. The region is rich in forest resources like timber, cane, bamboos, brooms etc. including a variety of plants having medicinal values.
Due to the geographical location of the place and lack of infrastructure like power, roads, water and market has impacted the industrial development of the region. However, the traditional cottage industries and small scale units in manufacturing and service sectors are blooming here.
Jiribam also pays importance to education. There are a number of schools and colleges in the city.
Jiribam is located in the Imphal East district of Manipur. Jiribam is located at 24.80°N 93.12°E at an elevation of about 30 meters above the sea level. The city is around 220 Km from the state capital city Imphal and about 215 km from the district headquarters Porompat. It is located on the Manipur-Assam border. The Jiri River flows through the city.
Imphal east is bounded by Assam on the east, West Imphal on the west, Tamenglong district on the east, Thoubal district on the south and south east, Senapati district on the North and North east. Porompat is the district headquarters of Imphal East district. The district consists of beautiful mountains, valleys, rivers and streams. The landscape beauty of the area is absolutely scenic.
Jiribam derives its name from the Jiri River that flows through the city. Jiribam means the inhabited area around the Jiri River.
Shopping in Jiribam
Jiribam market is a nice local market to buy essential commodities and local crafts.
People of Jiribam
Jiribam is inhabited by various communities such as tribes belonging to various communities such as Loi, Yaithibi, Bamon, Mayang, Pangan, Nagas, Kukis, Thadou, Kabui, Tangkhul, Hmar etc. inhabit the area of which the Meitei tribe dominates.Muslim tribes and people belonging to other religions also live here. The tribes have also adopted the modern culture and life a metropolitan city life. People of all communities and religions live in great harmony.
Agriculture and horticulture are the main occupation of the residents. The main crops of the area are paddy, maize potato, vegetables, sugar cane, maize, pulse, oil seed, Chilli, onion, ginger, turmeric, coriander, fruits and nuts.
Festivals in Jiribam:
1. Yaoshang festival - This is the most popular festival of Manipur celebrated in the month of February / March for five days. It is a colorful festival alike the Holi festival of the Hindus. The interesting feature of this festival is the moonlight dance. Boys and girls sing and dance holding hand in hand. It is a festival of joy and harmony.
2. Cheiraoba festival- This festival is celebrated in the month of April by almost all the tribes. It is a festival of joy. Houses are decorated and offerings are made to deities. It is also a New Year for the Meitei tribe. The typical feature of this festival is that the villagers climb the nearby hilltops and believe that it enables them to rise to heights in their worldly life.
3. Ningol Chakouba - This festival is celebrated by the Meitei community where the married women (Ningol) are invited for a feast at their parental house along with their children. Gifts are given to the women and her children. This is a family bonding festival that falls in the month of November.
4. Lui-Ngai-Ni - It is a festival of the Nagas celebrated on 15th February. This is a seed-sowing festival after which tribes belonging to the Naga group begin their cultivation. Social-gathering, songs, dances and delight mark the festival.
5. Lai-Haraoba -This festival is celebrated by worshipping the ancient deities and ancestors. A number of dances by both men and women are performed before the ancient deities. It is celebrated in the month of May.
6. Heikru Hidongba -Celebrated in the month of September, it is a festival of joy with religious significance. The interesting feature of the festival is the 16 meter wide and a long narrow boat that are rowed by a large number of rowers. An idol of Lord Vishnu is installed before the commencement of the race.
7. Thadou Festival - It is celebrated by the Thadou tribe which is an eve of joy. Music, dance, feast and communal get together mark this festival.
8. Kuki Festival - This is an important annual festival of Kuki tribes. It is celebrated with great pomp and grandeur.
9. Kut festival - This is a Post-Harvest festival celebrated in the month of November by the Kuki tribe. It is a state holiday on this festival. The festival is marked by various cultural events such as traditional dances, folk dances, songs, sports and the most popular Miss Kut contest. It is a festival of peace and thanksgiving to the Almighty for the harvests.
10. Ramzan - The Manipuri Muslims celebrate the festival with great joy and festivities. During this month the Muslims fast for 40 days and restrain smoke and drink from pre-dawn till sunset. They offer prayers in the evening and break their fast. On the grand day they offer prayers at the mosques, have delicious dishes, exchange greetings and call on the friends and relatives.
The nearest big town is Silchar in Assam which is about 50 km away. Silchar is a major commercial hub for North East India.