Katihar, Bihar: Katihar is an emerging city located in the northeastern part of Bihar state in India. It serves as the headquarters of Katihar district. The city is situated at 25°32′N 87°35′E / 25.53°N 87.58°E / 25.53; 87.58. It has got an average elevation of 20 metres and is 65 feet above sea level.
The principal rivers of the district are The Ganges (southern boundary, 25 kms from Katihar Town), Kosi (western boundary, 30 kilometres from Katihar Town) and Mahananda apart from several rivulets like Kari Kosi (flowing by the side of Katihar town), Kamla, etc. The Kosi, also known as ‘The Sorrow of Bihar’, merges with Ganges at the Southwest boundary of Katihar District.
The district of Katihar shares its boundary with two states in the form of Jharkhand at the southern side and West Bengal at the eastern side. Bangladesh is situated at a distance of nearly 80 km east of Katihar town and Nepal is located around 100 km north of Katihar Town.
Situated in the plains of North Eastern part of Bihar State and surrounded by Purnia district in the North and West Bhagalpur and Sahebganj district in the South and West Bengal in the East, Katihar was one of the sub-divisions of the old Purnia district which was bifurcated as a separate district in 1973. The region was very much affected by the floods of river Ganges, Mahananda and Koshi because of the possession of alluvial soil and due to the deposit of sand-silt by rivers and soil in southern and the western part which becomes sandy.
Katihar is famous for its Railway Junction which consists of seven Railway lines/routes. The city was also famous for its Jute Mills which have become extinct with most of them defunct or lying in ruins. The main occupation of the people of Katihar is farming and agriculture. Most of the blocks currently lie in the flood affected areas of Katihar because of lower altitude as a result becoming the cause for the poor economic condition of the people. The people of Katihar have shifted or travel to the nearby developed places for better employment.
The locals of Katihar speak ‘Angika’ which is their main language. It had a population of 8049 according to the 2001 India census. The males consist of 52% of the entire population in comparison to that of the female population of 48%. Katihar has a literacy rate of 67% on an average, which is more than the national average of 59.5%.